Taurine

Taurine is an amino acid that helps regulate minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, and sodium in the blood.(13) Taurine despite the negative connotation received due to energy drinks, Taurine helps to control a regular heart rhythm. It also helps with cardiac contraction and blood pressure.(14)(15)

 

Taurine has antioxidant abilities in the body.(16) 

Oxygen utilization is increased during exercising by 10 to 20 times over the resting state. Free radical production is greatly increased because of this.(17) Antioxidants are molecules that can scavenge free radicals and get rid of them before vital molecules are damaged.(18)

 

Due to these antioxidant properties taurine posses it is thought to be the reason for its positive effect on endurance. Taurine also increases the intensity at which muscle cells pull together.(19)(20) This can aid in a more powerful workout. Besides the antioxidants taurine increases endurance by helping to eliminate lactic acid. (what makes muscles sore)(21)(22)